What is permaculture?
Started in australia where forrest biologists developed ways of forresting that are sustainable and contribute to the welbeing of the earth rathen than destroy. By applying the same natural devises that nature uses in forrests (the climax situation of an ecosysmtem, with most bio diversity) on edible gardens you increase your yield and decrease your energy input, as well as contributing to really sustainable and efficient future. Later it evolved to a way of gardening and later still to a way of designing human settlements, involving new sustainable technologies such as strawbale building etcetera. In the basics it is still the same and work on certain principles.
It is about working together with nature to make a better world for everyone and everything on this planet. It is about observing nature and creating a system based on the natural systems that exist in nature. Permaculture applies these principles in an integrated system to ensure that our food, energy, and community are created and maintained in a healthy and efficient manner. With Permaculture we can improve the quality and productivity of our individual lives, our society and our surroundings.
The ethical principles of permaculture.
- Care for the earth. Help the biosphere not damage it.
- Care for people. create a more fulfilling and healthy life, and help others to do so.
- To share surplus, and reduce consumption.
Permaculture is a design system for maximum output with minimum input. Permaculture provides us the tools and processes that enable us to combine materials and strategic components in a “pattern” or a “plan” which with the mininum resources we can build a productive system which benefits people and the planet.
Some of the basics of original permaculture gardening are
is the process of imitating natural fertillizing. bare soil is rarely encountered in the wild, the ground is either covered with organic material such as leaves twigs and branches, or with plants. When we leave soil bare, nature comes in to repair the breach and what we call weeds will occure. Where we cannot use the soil for plant we therefore cover the soil with organic matter, mulching. You can mulch your garden with leaves and/or straw, which deteriorates slowly and wil provide a good protection against dehydration from sunlight or erosion by heavy rain impact. It also makes sure you dont have to deal with ‘weeds’ that much. If continually adding a mix of brown materials such as straw or leaves, with greens such as kitchen waste and grass clippings, you have the same effect but also are rapidly composting on the spot, and thus always enriching your soil, or rather not letting your soil be drained of nutricients.
is when we design a garden or whatever optimally making use of the space. where in monoculture commercial crops a whole field will be grown with the same crops, they will al compete for the same space and nutricients, and will leave the same substances in the ground. There are 7 layers in organic growth. 1. the canopy: high stem trees, such as certain apple trees, 2. low stem trees like other apple trees or prunes, 3. bushes, schrubbery 4. herbaceous layer 5. ground covering layer 6. root layer 7. climbers. when al of these working togheter rather then competing for the same production will increase.
Like mentioned biodiversity is essential, not only coz of spacial use but also it keeps an eco system resilient. If one crop is attacked by a pest you will have others, if you have a lot of plants of one crop you give a pest the capacity of becoming very big.
perrennials and selfseeders
As in nature plant should be able to keep on growing or reproduce themselves, in a well established permaculture you should be able to leave your lot for a big part of the year to teach others about permaculture.
To be ultimately efficient everything should have more functions, corn plants can provide corn, but they can also provide a strucure for peas and beans to climb on. the peas and beans in their place not only provide peas and beans they also fix nitrogen from the air in the soil, which a fast growing plant like corn or sunflower uses a lot of. A lot of herbs provide us with tasty stuff for cooking but they also help in pest control.